Opana is a brand name opioid analgesic (painkiller) used to treat moderate to severe pain. It is also prescribed under the brand name Oxymorphone Hydrochloride.
Similar to other opioids, Opana has a high risk for abuse, dependence, and addiction. Dependence and addiction increase the risk of a life-threatening overdose and withdrawal syndrome.
If you or a loved one may be addicted to oxymorphone, professional treatment can help you begin to recover.
What Is Oxymorphone?
Oxymorphone is a strong opiate pain reliever that is usually prescribed if other pain medications aren’t sufficient. It is a schedule II controlled substance in the United States, meaning it has a high risk for abuse and dependence.
Opana used to be prescribed in extended-release tablets (Opana ER) but this formulation is no longer available. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has requested that the maker of Opana ER, Endo Pharmaceuticals, remove it from the market because of its high risk for abuse.
Oxymorphone attaches to opioid receptors in your central nervous system (CNS). Once attached, it activates the receptors and increases dopamine levels, which are responsible for the euphoric effects associated with opioids.
Along with its relaxing and pain-relieving effects, Opana can also cause the following side-effects:
- dry mouth
- nausea and vomiting
- rapid heart rate
Opana can also cause serious adverse reactions, including severe confusion, hallucinations, fever, and seizures. If you experience serious side-effects, it is important to contact your doctor immediately.
Signs Of Oxymorphone Addiction
As a schedule II controlled substance in the United States, oxymorphone has a high risk for abuse. Long-term use of oxymorphone may also increase your tolerance to the drug. Drug abuse is dangerous because it can lead to health complications, overdose, and addiction.
Addiction is a serious disease that is affected by many different factors, including genetics, environment, and mental health. Addiction can affect anyone, even when you are prescribed medication.
Being aware of the following signs of substance abuse may help you or a loved one:
- compulsively taking oxymorphone
- taking oxymorphone in a way other than how it was prescribed
- taking increasingly higher amounts of oxymorphone
- having intense cravings for oxymorphone
- continuing to take oxymorphone despite negative consequences
- losing interest in other activities
Opana and other opioids slow the central nervous system and can cause respiratory depression (slow breathing). If you take high doses or combine oxymorphone with other drugs, you put yourself at risk for a potentially fatal overdose.
If you notice any of the following signs of opioid overdose, seek medical attention immediately:
- difficulty breathing
- bluish skin
- clammy skin
- limp muscles
- extreme drowsiness
- slowed heart rate
If you suddenly stop or rapidly decrease the amount of oxymorphone you take, it may result in withdrawal symptoms. Detoxing from opioids “cold turkey” may be possible but it increases the risk of returning to drugs and possibly overdosing.
If you want to stop taking Opana, medical detox can safely ease you through the uncomfortable withdrawal process.
Opioid withdrawal symptoms may include:
- runny nose
- muscle or joint pain
- problems sleeping
- rapid heart rate
The severity of withdrawal may depend on how long and how frequently you used Opana. Along with these symptoms, you may also experience cravings to use oxymorphone.
Oxymorphone Addiction Treatment
There are a variety of services available for Opana addiction but it is important to know everyone experiences addiction differently. A healthcare professional will likely develop a personalized treatment plan that best fits your specific needs.
An addiction treatment plan may include:
Medication-Assisted Treatment (MAT)
MAT combines medication, like buprenorphine or methadone, with therapy for an effective approach to treating opioid addiction. The FDA-approved medications offered through MAT can help lower cravings and reduce withdrawal symptoms.
Residential treatment incorporates many services and removes you from environments you may associate with your addiction. These highly structured programs likely offer group therapy, individual counseling, and healthy activities.
Outpatient programs are convenient because they allow you to live at home and travel to scheduled treatment sessions. These programs are beneficial if you have already completed an inpatient rehab and/or have a solid support system at home.
You may be introduced to support groups during inpatient treatment and may be an effective addition to your treatment plan. Narcotics Anonymous and other 12-step programs offer support from like-minded peers who are focused on recovery.
For more information on opioid addiction treatment options, please contact us today to connect with a specialist.