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  • Amphetamine Salts | Uses, Effects, Signs Of Abuse, & Treatment

    Published on October 13, 2021
    Amphetamine Salts | Uses, Effects, Signs Of Abuse, & Treatment

    Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is treated with lisdexamfetamine, dextroamphetamine, and mixed amphetamine salts. The brand name for amphetamine salts is Adderall and Adderall XR

    Although primarily used to treat ADHD symptoms, amphetamine salts have the potential to be abused if taken in excessive amounts or with stronger drugs such as benzodiazepines or opioids. 

    Amphetamine Uses

    Mixed amphetamine salts are a stimulant medication used to help those with impulsivity, hyperactivity, and inattention, according to the National Alliance on Mental Illness (NAMI). 

    ADHD & Sleeping Disorders

    Typically prescribed as oral tablets or immediate-release capsules, amphetamine salts should be taken regularly to help with the treatment of ADHD symptoms and those who struggle with sleep disorders such as narcolepsy. 

    Cocaine Use Disorder

    Amphetamine salts are also useful for those suffering from cocaine use disorder. It can sometimes be used to reduce cocaine use in those taking the drug.

    Abuse Potential

    Unfortunately, since amphetamine/dextroamphetamine are central nervous system stimulant controlled substances, they have the potential to be abused, especially by those who have a history of drug abuse. 

    Side Effects Of Amphetamine Salts

    When taken, the common side effects of amphetamine salts may include:

    • anxiety
    • insomnia
    • upset stomach
    • loss of appetite
    • weight loss
    • ​headache
    • dry mouth

    Sometimes serious and rare side effects can occur, which may include:

    • high blood pressure
    • severe hallucinations 
    • chest pain
    • paranoia
    • shortness of breath
    • increased heart rate
    • muscle pain

    Those who have glaucoma, issues with their thyroid, or heart problems should not take amphetamine salts due to the fact that the medication can interfere with a number of medical conditions.

    Interactions With Antidepressants

    Certain antidepressants, such as monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs), should not be mixed with stimulants. Other antidepressant medications such as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) and serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs) should not be taken. 

    When antidepressants are combined with this type of stimulant, a serious condition known as serotonin syndrome can occur. Serotonin syndrome can be life-threatening.

    Pregnancy & Mental Health

    Breast-feeding is not recommended while taking this drug. Even herbal supplements such as St. John’s Wort should also be avoided while taking amphetamine salts. 

    Those who struggle with mental health conditions such as schizophrenia or bipolar disorder will need to stay away from amphetamine salts because the risk of psychosis can occur. Those with a history of Tourette’s syndrome should also avoid amphetamine salts.

    Signs Of Amphetamine Abuse

    A person abusing amphetamine by crushing the tablet, mixing it with water, and injecting into the body may begin to show signs of skin sores or “track marks” on their arms. 

    In addition to this, the person may develop tooth decay. Another sign is severe weight loss which can be attributed to a side effect of amphetamines but can worsen when the medication is abused or mixed with other drugs.

    Those who misuse amphetamine salts may experience cardiovascular problems which can be severe and result in sudden death. Other signs of amphetamine substance may include:

    • tremors
    • significant weight loss
    • ​heart attack
    • memory loss
    • difficulty sleeping
    • seizures
    • depression
    • hallucinations

    Mixing medications can increase the adverse effects of the drug and decrease the helpfulness that the amphetamine brings for your condition. 

    Treatment For Excessive Amphetamine Use

    When a healthcare professional provides you with amphetamine salts to help you with ADHD, narcolepsy, or another sleep disorder, it’s important to maintain a regular schedule and to not miss a dose. 

    If you are abusing the drug, seek medical advice and be honest with your doctor right away. Although there is no treatment that will reverse the effects of a stimulant overdose, your healthcare provider can assist you in finding addiction treatment.

    For those seeking a treatment center, consider calling our helpline today. We’ll fill you in on our inpatient and outpatient services.

    Written by Ark Behavioral Health Editorial Team
    ©2023 Ark National Holdings, LLC. | All Rights Reserved.
    This page does not provide medical advice.

    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention - ADHD Medication Prescription Claims
    Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) - Amphetamines
    Food and Drug Administration (FDA) - Adderall
    Journal of Psychopharmacology - Amphetamine, past and present - a pharmacological and clinical perspective
    National Alliance on Mental Illness - Amphetamine (Adderall)
    National Library of Medicine: MedlinePlus - Substance use - Amphetamines

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