Dextroamphetamine (d-amphetamine) is a stimulant medication that’s considered a controlled substance and schedule II drug. Some of the brand names of d-amphetamine include:
- Dexedrine Spansule
- Adderall XR
D-amphetamine is a type of amphetamine salt medication like Adderall and lisdexamfetamine (Vyvanse). D-amphetamine is a prescription drug that can be abused because it targets the central nervous system (CNS) and can interact with a number of other medications.
D-amphetamine is FDA-approved to help ease the symptoms of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Some of the symptoms of ADHD that d-amphetamine can help include difficulty focusing and problems sitting still.
In addition to the treatment of ADHD, d-amphetamine can be used to treat a variety of sleep disorders including narcolepsy. Narcolepsy is a condition that causes a person to experience excessive sleepiness and sudden attacks of sleep throughout the day.
This medication comes as a tablet, including immediate-release capsules, and is taken orally. It should be stored at room temperature.
Side Effects Of D-Amphetamine
Some of the side effects you can experience from d-amphetamine may include:
- weight loss
- dry mouth
- changes in sex drive
More serious side effects include:
- changes in mood
- verbal tics
- blurred vision
Those who have heart problems should steer clear of d-amphetamine due to the issues that may transpire such as serious cardiovascular adverse events.
Breast-feeding is discouraged while taking d-amphetamine because it has been shown to pass through breast milk, according to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA).
Antidepressants & D-Amphetamine Interactions
Antidepressants that are classified as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs), and monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs) should not be combined with d-amphetamine.
Those combining antidepressants with d-amphetamine may experience a number of health issues including serotonin syndrome/toxicity. When one combines antidepressant medications with d-amphetamine, this type of syndrome can occur.
The sometimes life-threatening side effects of d-amphetamine are worsened by the mixture of other prescription medications, alcohol, and other drugs with d-amphetamine.
There are several medications that interact with amphetamine/dextroamphetamine. In addition to this, there are a variety of contraindications for those who have glaucoma or increased eye pressure.
Others include those who have a history of mental illness such as bipolar disorder or schizophrenia. Combining certain medications with d-amphetamine can cause a person with mental illness to potentially experience psychosis.
Stimulants may make verbal tics or tremors worse. This is why it’s recommended that those who suffer from Tourette’s do not take d-amphetamine.
Those with hyperthyroidism and those who experience hypertension will likely want to avoid taking this prescription stimulant as well.
Signs Of D-amphetamine Abuse
This central nervous system stimulant medication can be habit-forming which can ultimately lead to drug abuse. Those who abuse d-amphetamine or combine the medication with other drugs may show signs of abuse.
Those who suspect that a loved one is struggling with d-amphetamine abuse should be aware of the following signs of abuse:
- dramatic weight loss
- changes in mood
- chest pain
- tooth decay
In addition to the worsening of side effects from the d-amphetamine medication, someone abusing the drug may experience:
- high blood pressure
- increased heart rate
- heart attack
- sudden death
Treatment For D-amphetamine Abuse
Those who experience severe side effects from d-amphetamine should speak with their healthcare provider right away. If you or a loved one are struggling with substance abuse, consider contacting your healthcare professional.
When you reach out for medical advice, your doctor can determine if d-amphetamine is right for you. Those who are abusing the medication will receive guidance on how to move forward.