Marijuana, which comes from the cannabis plant, is the most popular illicit drug in the United States. It’s usually smoked.
While most people smoke marijuana plant material, others smoke marijuana resin. Smoking resin poses a variety of unique health risks.
What Is Marijuana Resin?
Marijuana resin, or cannabis resin, is a sticky or powdery substance produced by trichomes. Trichomes are tiny compounds that cover the cannabis flower.
Like marijuana plant material, marijuana resin contains cannabinoids (cannabis compounds). The most well-known cannabinoids are tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD).
THC is the main psychoactive ingredient in marijuana. It makes you feel euphoric or “high,” while CBD makes you feel relaxed.
Marijuana resin also contains other natural compounds, including terpenes (which influence marijuana’s flavor and smell) and flavonoids (which influence marijuana’s color).
Types Of Marijuana Resin
There are two types of marijuana resin: resin extracted from plants, and resin extracted from smoking devices.
Resin Extracted From Plants
Some people extract resin directly from cannabis plants. Also called cannabis concentrate, this kind of resin tends to have high levels of THC.
People use different extraction methods to produce different types of plant-extracted resin. The two main types are rosin and hashish (also called hash).
Rosin is a solid substance extracted via heat and pressure.
Hashish is a dried, pressed powder. It’s often pressed into hash oil to further concentrate the THC. When making hash oil, some people use butane as a solvent to create butane hash oil, or BHO. One popular type of BHO, live resin, is known for its strong flavor.
Most people smoke plant-extracted resin through a process called “dabbing.” They place the resin into a device called a dab rig, heat the resin, and inhale the resulting vapors through a mouthpiece.
Other people “vape” plant-extracted resin by inhaling the vapors from a type of vaporizer called a dab pen.
Resin Extracted From Smoking Devices
After someone smokes marijuana plant material, they’ll usually find resin in their glass pipe, water pipe (also called a bong), or other smoking device.
Also known as “weed resin” or “reclaim,” this type of resin is simply a byproduct of smoked marijuana. Unlike plant-extracted resin, it contains very low amounts of THC. That means it won’t produce a strong high, which is why most people don’t smoke it.
Risks Of Smoking Marijuana Resin
People who smoke resin face physical and mental health risks, no matter which type they smoke.
Risks Of Smoking Resin Extracted From Plants
Anyone who smokes marijuana may experience side effects. However, due to its high THC content, plant-extracted resin poses an even higher risk of side effects. Dabbing further increases this risk, as it delivers THC to your brain very rapidly.
The side effects may include:
- hallucinations (feeling, hearing, or seeing things that aren’t there)
- problems with thinking, memory, and attention
- symptoms of bronchitis, such as wheezing, shortness of breath, and chest pain
- rapid heartbeat
- high blood pressure, which can lead to heart disease and stroke
The high amounts of THC also increase your risk of physical dependence. If you’re physically dependent on marijuana and you stop using it, you may experience withdrawal symptoms like anxiety, depression, and stomach pain.
Physical dependence is often a sign of marijuana addiction. This disease makes you feel unable to control your marijuana use. Many people require professional treatment to recover.
Risks Of Smoking Resin Extracted From Smoking Devices
While this type of resin contains little THC, it features tar, ash, carbon, and other harmful byproducts. These substances can irritate your throat and lungs when smoked, making it difficult to breathe. They can also cause headache and sore throat.
If you or someone you love struggles with marijuana abuse or addiction, please contact an Ark Behavioral Health specialist to learn about our comprehensive treatment options.